When I travelled across Europe by train, I crossed a few international borders. Some were simple, but others were more involved.
My first border crossing by train was on my journey from Germany and Austria, and it was completely uneventful.
As was that on my train from Austria to Hungary.
All three countries form part of the Schengen Area, so no border checks occurred.
My first passport check was on my journey from Hungary to Romania.
Our train stopped at Lőkösháza on the Hungarian side of the border.
Where border officers checked our passports.
We then stopped at Curtici on the Romanian side, so that their border staff could complete the same checks, and giving my passport a nifty little stamp with a train on it.
Changing gauge at the bogie exchange
Europe predominantly uses 1,435mm standard gauge, while the railways of the former Soviet Union use 1,524 mm broad gauge. As a result at Vadul Siret our train was split up into individual carriages, lifted up by jacks, and the bogies swapped over.
And a crossing that no longer exists
I also caught a train from Ukraine to Russia to Rostov-on-Don.
Footnote: crossing from Poland and Germany
One rail crossing between Poland and Germany is the bridge over the Oder River.
Marked by a post in national colours at each end.
Crossing the Oder between Poland and Germany…at the start on the left you see the red and white Polish border post and at the end black, red and yellow German Border post.. pic.twitter.com/OaUIvlQOD4
— AndyBTravels (@AndyBTravels) September 10, 2019
The bridge is the busiest rail crossing between the two counties, with around half of all border crossings using it.