Another entry in the list of oddball Moscow Metro stations is Pervomayskaya (Первомайская) and Kaluzhskaya (Калужская) – both were constructed inside a train depot!
The story starts in 1950 when the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line was extended 1.5 kilometres to a new ground level depot at Izmailovo on the eastern edge of Moscow. The Izmaylovo District next to the depot was unserved by the metro, so the decision was made to convert roads 21-23 of the depot shed into a station, with an island platform built over the centre track.
On completion in 1954 Pervomayskaya was the first Moscow Metro station to be located at ground level, and the only one to have a wooden roof. Architect Nikolai Ivanovich Demchinsky designed the station with marble walls and platform, whitewashed ceiling, and lobby building facing the street.
Pervomayskaya station remained in service until 1961 when the line was extended further east to a ‘new’ Pervomayskaya station, with the old station replaced by Izmaylovskaya station a short distance to the south.
Today the station still exists, the platform having been demolished but the tiled walls and decorative reliefs intact.
The station vestibule also remains, hidden beside inside the depot yard.
In 1962 Kaluzhskaya Depot opened at the southern end of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line.
Soon after it was decided to extend passenger services a short distance inside the depot, so a temporary station was constructed inside the depot shed, opening to passengers in 1964.
With public access from the tail end of the depot shed.
Following the extension of the line further south to Belyayevo (Беля́ево) in 1974 the temporary station inside the depot was closed, replaced by a new underground station a short distance to the west, also called Kaluzhskaya.
Today the station platform and tracks remain in place, with the lobby used as a staff lounge, but the street entrance is hidden by a neighbouring office building.
Sources – Pervomayskaya station
- Pervomayskaya station at Wikipedia
- Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line at Wikipedia
- Google Maps view of the depot
- Pervomayskaya station at Wikipedia (Russian language)
- Izmailovo Depot at Wikipedia (Russian language)
Sources – Kaluzhskaya station